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Pantawid Pamilya boosts local economy says research study

The findings of a research study done by the team of Dr. Lourdes S. Adriano, a former professor at the University of the Philippines, for the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) were discussed during the  Public Forum entitled, “Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program: Stimulus to Local Economic Growth?” held jointly by the DSWD, Ateneo School of Governance (ASoG), and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) at the Ateneo University on June 23.

The study was carried out with support from the Australian Embassy.

In her message during the forum, former DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman said, “We hope this study can help the incoming administration to further improve the program.”

“If there is one good thing that we can turn over to the new administration, it is evidence-based policy making, planning and evaluation,” former Sec. Soliman added.

The research study used quantitative and qualitative methodology to determine the nature, form, and degree of the economic impact of the Pantawid Pamilya cash grant expenditures on the local economy.  The study covered the provinces of Masbate, Camarines Norte, and Albay.

The study was divided into five parts namely; Household Economy, Economic Sector: Bicol Rice Value Chain; Economic Sector: Flea Market Case Study; Regional and Macro Perspective; and  Integration of Recommendations.

The key findings of the study are:

Household Level Analysis

  1. For food items, the Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries are consuming more cereals, in general, and more rice, in particular, than non-beneficiaries. For non-food items such as clothing, health, education, utilities, communications and recreational goods, the patterns of spending are shown to be generally higher among Pantawid beneficiaries compared to non-beneficiaries.
  2. The overall pattern in terms of savings and other forms of investments shows that Pantawid beneficiaries are saving and investing more than the non-Pantawid Pamilya counterparts.
  3. In terms of key economic decisions made by the household, the results showed that women in Pantawid Pamilya households are more active in the decision making on household marketing and budgeting. This demonstrates that the program does not  only affect the behavior of the households in terms of consumption but has also enhanced the women’s role in the decision making on marketing and budgeting.
  4. The benefits of Pantawid Pamilya is not limited to its direct material benefits. It was found out that the program influences aspirations, which in turn determines the future behavior of the beneficiaries. The study showed that beneficiaries are more optimistic in terms of their children achieving more in life than their parents. Further, beneficiaries have higher social aspirations compared to non-beneficiaries.

Economic Sector Analysis (Rice Value Chain)

  1. The Pantawid Pamilya cash grants along with the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) of the local government units (LGUs) create a multiplier effect in the local economy of Bicol estimated to be 7.87 and 3.49 for the first and second income deciles, respectively. Also, it was found out the Pantawid Pamilya cash grants for Bicolanos can potentially generate an additional P18 to 40 billion revenue for the local economy.
  2. There is a significant increase in the number of registered agricultural-related businesses in the three locales of the study. Total capitalization of all registered agriculture businesses increased from about P1.65 million in 2005 to about P13.27 million. Total sales are rose from a measly amount of P3.645 million in 2005 to P119.23 million in 2015.
  3. Rice consumption behavior of Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries who are not rice farmers, has changed in terms of quality as manifested by the shift from NFA rice to commercial rice. According to the respondents, the cash grants, along with the relatively lower prices of commercial rice, enabled them to afford better quality commercial rice.
  4. There are changes in behavior and action of Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries toward other rice stakeholders. They increased their access to credit from rice retail stores because of the predictable streams of income coming from the Pantawid Pamilya cash grants. Beneficiaries have forged a stronger relationship with retail stores through a “suki relationship” over time. Rice Value Chain (RVC) players confirmed slight increase in their incomes when Pantawid beneficiaries became group buyers. In turn, rice retailers and wholesalers have extended credit and other special arrangements to Pantawid rice consumers to encourage them to buy.

Flea Market Case Study

  1. It is now a common sight to see the operations of a flea market near the site where the Pantawid Pamilya cash payouts are being made. The case study shows that the operations of the flea market is a manifestation that the extra income received from the Program can perk up local economic activities since most products being sold in the flea market come from the locality or neighboring areas. Even merchants not participating in the flea market, such as pharmacy store, mini-grocery, and school supplies shops, gained from the expenditures of Pantawid beneficiaries.
  2. The municipality derived extra revenues from flea market traders by imposing market rental fees collected by a designated market collector. The positive contribution of these extra revenues generated is highly visible in Libon where the successful operation of the Libon Town Center (LTC) is partly supported by the fees generated from the market rentals where various merchants sell their wares particularly during payout days.

These findings reinforce that Pantawid Pamilya can transform not only the lives of its beneficiaries, but also the communities where they live,” former Sec. Soliman emphasized.

On the other hand, Dr. Fermin Adriano, member of the research team said that Pantawid Pamilya should be combined with other economic enhancing efforts to achieve optimal impact. ==



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Photo: Volunteers show high participation in MisOcc


Aloran, MisOcc Kalahi CIDSS NCDDP volunteers.

Barangay Pelong, one of the highly populated barangays in the Municipality of Aloran convened with more than an 80% Participation rate during the conduct of their Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Kapit Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services – National Community Driven Development (Kalahi CIDSS-NCDDP) 2nd Barangay Assembly. Mr Rogelio Balanding a participatory Situational Analysis (PSA) volunteer solicits ideas and facilitates the assembly comprising of fellow residents into reaching a consensus for their proposed sub-project in Kalahi CIDSS-NCDDP.  This reflects the program’s Community-Driven Development initiative that people are empowered to participate in the decision making for their community sub-projects.

Photo by Riljan H. Selim, DSWD, Community Empowerment Facilitator, Aloran, MisOcc

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Feature: Volunteer Encourages Communities to Push for Community-Driven Development

Saipah Angni, 23, of Barangay Bubong, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte started out her volunteer work as a Day Care School teacher in their area. Saipah narrates how she started out as a volunteer, “volunteer teacher ko sa day care school, graduating ko adto sa Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED), akong mama treasurer sa Barangay Bubong, wala ko adtong panahon sa pag-elect sa mga Kalahi-CIDSS committees pero akong mama ang nagvolunteer sa ako as bookkeeper, didto nagsugod ang tanan, sukad adto, naa na gyud ko pirme dayon sa mga aktibidades sa Kalahi-CIDSS (I was a volunteer teacher at a day care school, I was a graduating student of Bachelor of Elementary Education, my mother is the treasurer of Barangay Bubong, I wasn’t there during the election of committees for Kalahi-CIDSS but my mother volunteered me as the bookkeeper, that started it all for me, after that, I was always present during Kalahi-CIDSS activities).”


Saipah’s experience as a volunteer in the Kalahi-CIDSS program gave her the opportunity to help others in her community, part of her work as a bookkeeper was to submit reports on a monthly basis with regards to the expenditures and cash flow of the community and money in the community’s bank account.

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The Farm-to-Market Road – Kalahi-CIDSS community sub-project in Brgy Bubong, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. Photo courtesy of Carolyn Caw-it, Area Coordinator, Kolambugan, LDN

Saipah said she noticed that her lifestyle changed when she started volunteering for Kalahi-CIDSS “nausab, kai sa una halfday ra man ang daycare, after – naa ra ko sa balay, matulog, tanaw tv, pero pagvolunteer na nako sa Kalahi-CIDSS wala na koy time sa pagtanga. Nagimprove ko as a person kai karon always na ko ready, dili pareho sa una nga magtanga lang (it changed, as day care was only half-a-day’s work, after I was just in the house, sleeping, watching TV, but when I volunteered for Kalahi-CIDSS, I did not have time to be lazy. I improved as a person, now I am always ready, unlike before that I just bummed around).”

Barangay Bubong in Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte is a Muslim community, a traditional one at that since according to Saipah “Muslim community na nga lugar, tanan Muslim, traditional pa ang community gamay, dili pa kaayo open sa pagbag-o (the place is a Muslim community, all Muslims, the community is still a little bit traditional, not that open to change).”


Saipah, however tells us that while these traditions still exist, programs on women empowerment are slowly changing the mindset of the community.

“Sa aspeto sa women empowerment, naa na may mga programa nga para sa kababaehan, naa naman hinuon mga organisasyon gumikan sa Local Government Unit (LGU), sa Kalahi-CIDSS medyo gakakuha na nila ang pagsalig sa among komunidad (in the aspect of women empowerment, there are programs that are for women, there are already organizations through the Local Government Units, in Kalahi-CIDSS little by little we have earned the trust of the community).”

This trust then led to the implementation of a subproject that would benefit not only their barangay but neighboring communities as well.

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The community celebrates the turn-over ceremony of the Farm-to-Market Road – Kalahi-CIDSS community sub-project in Brgy Bubong, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. Photo courtesy of Carolyn Caw-it, Area Coordinator, Kolambugan, LDN

“Dako gyud ang kabag-uhan, paghuman sa among project nga farm-to-market road, dako gyud og tabang sa katawhan ang proyekto kai dili na mahasol ang mga tawo, dali na makaabot ang mga tawo sa ilang paignan kai ayo na man ang dalan. (after our farm-to-market road, it made a big difference, the project is really of big help to the community because it makes it easier for the community to reach their destination because the road is now good)” Saipah enthused.

“Dili ra among barangay ang natabangan sa among proyekto, pati ang tanan nga mulabay dadto sa among barangay (the project doesn’t only help our barangay but everybody who passes through our barangay)” Saipah continued.

The impact of the projects goes to the communities go beyond the numbers on the reports and expenses incurred during its implementation, says Saipah with conviction.

“Nipaspas na ang mga lihok sa komunidad, ang dili paspas sa una, nahimo nang paspas karon. Ang komunidad maoy nagdumala ug nagbuhat sa mga proyekto. Dako gyud og tabang ang Kalahi-CIDSS, dili lang sa barangay apil pud ang kadaghanan sa katawhan (The community’s movements are now faster, the ones that were not before are now faster. The community now manages and implements the projects. Kalahi CIDSS is really a big help, not only to the barangay but also to the majority of the people)” Saipah said.

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The community celebrates the turn-over ceremony of the Farm-to-Market Road – Kalahi-CIDSS community sub-project in Brgy Bubong, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. Photo courtesy of Carolyn Caw-it, Area Coordinator, Kolambugan, LDN

Now that she is part of the Municipal Coordinating Team of Kolambugan, Saipah says she is thankful for the opportunity to volunteer in Kalahi-CIDSS and that now she has to work even harder to achieve the vision of community-driven development, “ang panglantaw nako, hopefully, magtinabangay mi para dali ra mahuman ang mga buluhaton dili na maglangy-langay (my hopes include that we would be able to work together for the faster delivery of our work and no delays)”.

Saipah says “dili sa magjudge kung unsa ang Kalahi-CIDSS, tanawon una sa komunidad kung unsa’y pasabot sa programa, kung naay mga assembly o mga aktibidades sa Kalahi-CIDSS – mutambong gyud sila para makabalo sila sa unsa’y tumong ug tinguha sa progama (don’t judge just yet what Kalahi-CIDSS is all about, the community should look into what the program means, if there are assemblies or activities of Kalahi-CIDSS – they should join and participate so that they will know what the programs goals and objectives are).”

“Hinaot nga mapadayon ang community-driven development, dako man gyud ni og tabang, daghan man gyud ta og makita nga nangahuman nga mga proyekto diri ug sa ubang munisipyo, dako nako gyud siyag tabang dili lang sa barangay pati na sa tibuok katawhan (I hope that the community-driven development continues, it is really of big help, you can see a lot of finished community projects here and other municipalities, it’s also a big help not only to the barangay but to the entire community)” Saipah concludes.

The Kapit Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (Kalahi CIDSS) brought in 111 community sub-projects to Kolambugan from 2012 to 2016 amounting to P67,391,692.00. The NCDDP brought in 29, 11 of which are on-going (2016), community sub-projects from 2012 to 2016 amounting to P35,700,750.00; the PAMANA modality poured in 78 sub-projects from 2012 to 2015 amounting to P23,400,000.00; and the AUSAid/DFAT brought in 4 amounting to P8,290,942.00 from 2015 to 2016.

Kalahi CIDSS-NCDDP is one of the three poverty alleviation program, along with Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program and Sustainable Livelihood Program, of the Philippine Government being implemented by DSWD that aims to empower communities of targeted municipalities to achieve improved access to services and participate in more inclusive local planning, budgeting, and implementation.

Community-Driven Development refers to an emerging approach in community development practice where processes, principles, strategies and resources are applied to ensure community empowerment by giving the people authority and control over decisions and resources.

Written by Shaun Alejandrae Yap Uy, DSWD

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Kapatiran Community Organization to receive PAMANA Projects


DSWD meeting with the Kapatiran Community Organization in Maramag Bukidnon on June 21, 2016 to discuss PAMANA projects.

Maramag, Bukidnon — The Department of Social Welfare and Development will soon implement PAMANA or PAyapa at MAsaganang PamayaNAn projects in the municipalities of Maramag and Don Carlos, Bukidnon. This is in continuing partnership with the Office of the Presidential Adviser on Peace Process or OPAPP, the working force of the government towards just and lasting peace for the country, particularly in Mindanao and other conflict affected regions.

PAMANA is the government’s peace and development program that responds and strengthens peace-building, reconstruction and development, in conflict-affected and vulnerable areas, to strengthen communities’ resilience to conflict by improving their socio-economic capacities.

This year, the Kapatiran Community Organization will soon receive PAMANA projects as identified and assessed by OPAPP, through DSWD’s Sustainable Livelihood Program. The group will identify their own livelihood projects based on the PAMANA modalities namely: Manufacturing or Processing Facilities, Equipment for Common Service Facilities, Acquisition and consolidation of goods from suppliers, Selling, Supplying and distributing goods, Transport facilities and the likes.

The Kapatiran Community Organization also known as Kapatiran para sa Progresong Panlipunan (KPP) is composed of the Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagawa-Pilipinas, Revolutionary Proletarian Army, Alex Boncayao Brigade – Tabara Paduano Group (RPM-P/RPA/ABB-TPG). Although majority of the Kapatiran is based in Negros Island Region, some of its group members left the region and settled in the province of Bukidnon to avoid further conflicts and find their livelihood.

The identified Kapatiran groups in Bukidnon include BACFA or Base Camp Farmer Association of San Miguel, Maramag, Bukidnon and BASARFA or the Barangay Sinangguayan Agrarian Reform Association of Don Carlos, Bukidnon. The associations will receive Five Hundred Thousand pesos (500,000) livelihood assistance each, apart from capability building trainings including basic business and financial management.

Ang buong Kapatiran ay lubos na nagagalak sa pamahalaan dahil ang nuoy pinapangarap naming kapayapaan at kaunlaran ngayo’y unti-unti nang naisasakatuparan, we (the Kapatiran) are thankful to the government because our aspiration of a peaceful and developed communities are finally being realized”, says Benjie Carion, a former revolutionary now a Project Management Officer to the OPAPP assigned in the province of Bukidnon.

Written by Jamila M. Taha, DSWD

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Photo: Thumbs Up from Aloran Volunteers


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Kalahi CIDSS volunteers of Aloran, Misamis Occidental Photo by Engr. Nhoe D. Sayson, DSWD, Technical Facilitator, Aloran, MisOcc

Thumbs up from the people of Barangay Balintonga, as the fulfillment of their dream of the construction of Barangay Health Station is well within their reach through the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Kapit Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services – National Community Driven Development (Kalahi CIDSS-NCDDP). This was learned after the Municipal Inter-Barangay Forum – Participatory Resource Allocation (MIBF-PRA), April 14, 2016 after the conduct of the 5th Barangay Assembly. Barangay Captain Warnita Y. Mocay (2nd row, seated, 7th from right), Kalahi CIDSS Community Empowerment Facilitator Honey Le Asilum (2nd row, seated, 6th from right), along with the community volunteers and residents of the barangay in a photo op after a successful event. 

Photo by Engr. Nhoe D. Sayson, DSWD, Technical Facilitator, Aloran, MisOcc

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Photo Release: Pantawid Pamilya braces for calamities

The Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council of Lala, Lanao del Norte, in coordination with Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (Pantawid Pamilya) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development Field Office 10, holds series of lecture on readiness of community against any eventualities such as this where beneficiaries of Pantawid Pamilya listen to the lecture during the Family Development Session. Photo by the Municipal Action Team of Lala.

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PHOTO: Father to a deceased SAF in Lanao accepts DSWD’s livelihood assistance


Mr. Lino Cabanlit with Mr. Ramonito Liwanag, MPDO of Lala and DSWD regional staffs Norman Pacturanan, Special Projects Focal and Lanny Raras, SLP Provincial Coordinator for Lanao Cluster 2 (Photo by Jamila Taha)

Mr. Lino Cabanlit, father of the deceased SAF 44 member PO2 Godofredo Cabanlit, accepts DSWD’s livelihood assistance amounting to 300,000 pesos, on June 16, in the the municipal hall of Lala, Lanao del Norte.

In witness thereof on behalf of the LGU is Mr. Ramonito Liwanag the Municipal Planning Development Officer, along with representatives from Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office, DSWD regional office represented by Mr. Norman Pacturanan, Special Projects Focal for Sustainable Livelihood Program with Municipal Convergence Staffs.

The assistance is part of the continuing aid of the government to the remained families of SAF 44. The assistance aims to provide livelihood support to the families based on their requested livelihood project.

Mr. Cabanlit expresses his gratitude to DSWD and promises to realize his project in memory of his son.

Mr. Cabanlit project includes funding of Dried Fish Dealing, a business originally planned by his deceased son.

Written by: Jamila M. Taha, DSWD

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FEATURE: Volunteers never lose sight of their goals


Community Volunteers of Brgy Monterico, Aloran, Misamis Occidental (from left) Rezel Tiong, Marilyn Balwit, and Lovely Ando, PSA Volunteers and Josephine Egiya, Project Preparation Team (PPT) Chairperson of Aloran, Misamis Occidental.

Community Volunteers of Brgy Monterico, Aloran, Misamis Occidental (from left) Rezel Tiong, Marilyn Balwit, and Lovely Ando, PSA Volunteers and Josephine Egiya, Project Preparation Team (PPT) Chairperson, are all excited for the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Kapit Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services – National Community Driven Development (Kalahi CIDSS-NCDDP) site validation and risk assessment of the proposed Construction of Potable Water System Level – II (Pump Driven). The barangay is geographically located 10. 5 km from the heart of the Municipality of Aloran, with an elevation of 418 meters and is one of the 20 of 38 barangays in Aloran that suffers from water shortage.

Photo by Marvin P. Jordan, DSWD, Community Empowerment Facilitator, Aloran, MisOcc

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June 2020